The use of reflexology can lead to improvement of physiological indices in non-traumatic patients with loss of consciousness in the intensive care unit.
Introduction: Vital signs are the most common indicators measured by nurses and indicate normal function of the circulatory, respiratory and nervous system and endocrine. This study was conducted to determine the effect of foot reflexology on patients’ physiological indicators of non-trauma with loss of consciousness in the intensive care unit.
Method: In this randomized clinical trial, 60 patients were selected by convenience sampling method and the criteria for inclusion in the intensive care unit of Ali Ebn Abitalib (AS) hospital in Zahedan in 2015.
Then, they were randomly assigned into two groups of 30 patients of foot reflexology massage and control using permutation blocks. In foot reflexology massage group, patients received massage three consecutive days, per day for 30 minutes and the control group received typical care for pain control in comparison to other patients.
Measuring patient’s physiological parameters (pulse, blood pressure, and arterial oxygen saturation) was performed 5 minutes before and immediately after the intervention in three groups.
Findings: There was significant difference between the mean change in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, respiration and oxygen saturation in the three-days ( P<0.0001).
Conclusion: The use of complementary medicine such as foot reflexology massage can lead to improvement of physiological indices in non-traumatic patients. Therefore, they can be used as simple and practical techniques.
Keywords: reflexology, loss of consciousness, physiological parameters